Visiting Democracy Fellow, AY2019-2020
Guillermo Toral is a PhD candidate in Political Science at MIT, where he specializes in political economy and research methods. His dissertation research focuses on the different political uses of public employment, and how they affect government effectiveness and accountability. He examines these questions through complementary studies of municipal governments in Brazil, leveraging an array of data (including original surveys and in-depth interviews with bureaucrats and politicians, contract-level data for the universe of public employees, and administrative data of bureaucratic production and performance) and a range of experimental and quasi-experimental methods. Some of his other research explores the effectiveness of horizontal accountability, the limits of electoral accountability, and the causes and consequences of the enfranchisement of immigrants. Guillermo holds an MPhil in Comparative Politics from the University of Oxford, and a B.A. in Political Science and Public Administration from the Complutense University of Madrid. Before coming to MIT, he spent several years working on education policy and programs at the World Bank, in Washington DC and across Latin America.