Transparency for Development (T4D)

Can communities play a role in strengthening service delivery? Does empowering citizens to engage in transparency and accountability activities have the potential to improve health, education, and other development outcomes?

A diverse array of voices within the international development field have promoted the potential benefits of community-led transparency and accountability, but the evidence that such approaches have an impact is mixed and incomplete. Without this evidence, civil society organizations and their supporters will not have the information they need to target their work in improving the responsiveness of governments and service providers.

Working with local civil society partners across five countries, the Transparency for Development (T4D) project looks to fill this knowledge gap by generating rigorous and actionable evidence about whether, why, and in what contexts local transparency and accountability interventions improve development outcomes. Our goal is to generate actionable evidence for practitioners, researchers, and other stakeholders working to improve health, accountability, and citizen participation.

Click here to view our project brief, which summarizes the design, implementation, evaluation, and emerging findings of the program. The T4D project will continue until the end of September 2019. Our website and project brief will continue to be updated with new analyses, as well as findings from our Phase 2 adaptations in Ghana, Malawi, and Sierra Leone.


What We Do

  • Intervention


    Design and implement community-driven transparency and accountability interventions in Indonesia and Tanzania to empower citizens and improve health.



    Analyze the impact of the interventions using an innovative mixed-methods evaluation approach, leveraging both quantitative and qualitative techniques.

    Phase 2 Adaptations

    Phase Two Adaptations

    In a second phase of work, adapt the intervention for three additional countries to test approaches supporting government-communinty collaboration in improving health.

Latest from the T4D Blog

Confrontation and Collaboration

June, 2013 | Stephen Kosack & Archon Fung

Very few people in the world of transparency and accountability would claim that there is an automatic, one-to-one connection between the provision of information on one hand and the production of good things like governmental accountability, better public services, or less corruption, on the other...  

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