Transparency for Development (T4D)

Can communities play a role in strengthening service delivery? Does empowering citizens to engage in transparency and accountability activities have the potential to improve health, education, and other development outcomes?

A diverse array of voices within the international development field have promoted the potential benefits of community-led transparency and accountability, but the evidence that such approaches have an impact is mixed and incomplete. Without this evidence, civil society organizations and their supporters will not have the information they need to target their work in improving the responsiveness of governments and service providers.

Working with local civil society partners across five countries, the Transparency for Development (T4D) project looks to fill this knowledge gap by generating rigorous and actionable evidence about whether, why, and in what contexts local transparency and accountability interventions improve development outcomes. Our goal is to generate actionable evidence for practitioners, researchers, and other stakeholders working to improve health, accountability, and citizen participation.

Click here to view our project brief, which summarizes the design, implementation, evaluation, and emerging findings of the program. The T4D project will continue until the end of September 2019. Our website and project brief will continue to be updated with new analyses, as well as findings from our Phase 2 adaptations in Ghana, Malawi, and Sierra Leone.


What We Do

  • Intervention


    Design and implement community-driven transparency and accountability interventions in Indonesia and Tanzania to empower citizens and improve health.



    Analyze the impact of the interventions using an innovative mixed-methods evaluation approach, leveraging both quantitative and qualitative techniques.

    Phase 2 Adaptations

    Phase Two Adaptations

    In a second phase of work, adapt the intervention for three additional countries to test approaches supporting government-communinty collaboration in improving health.

Latest from the T4D Blog

[Podcast] Does Transparency and Accountability Improve Health?

Six years ago, the Transparency for Development (T4D) project sought to uncover new and unique evidence on the role of community-led transparency and accountability in improving health outcomes – and how and why we see mixed evidence when these interventions are implemented in the real world.  Based on large-scale mixed methods research utilizing quantitative and qualitative approaches in two countries (Indonesia and Tanzania) and small innovative pilots in three additional countries (Ghana, Malawi, and Sierra Leone), the project now has a lot more information about how these popular approaches to citizen engagement and participation work – and ways in which they can fail to reach their goals. Join us to hear the T4D team share results – including the good, the bad, and the unclear – from this one-of-a-kind research project and discuss what is needed next in the field. 

See also: T4D Blog Post
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